Polyethylene is another

Types of synthetic materials


Synthetic fibres are made from chemicals and can have superior properties to natural fibres such as cotton or silk. Synthetic textiles are made from either inorganic products or a mixture of organic ones and chemicals. Some can be strong and durable. Some might dry extra quickly and others might be absorbent or very easy to dye.

One example of a synthetic textile is acetate, which is made from the cellulose resulting from the deconstruction of wood pulp or cotton. Acetate is soft and silky and drapes well. It dyes well but does not absorb moisture easily which means it dries quickly. Acetate is resistant to mildew and shrinkage and is often used to make linings because it absorbs moisture from the body. Acetate is also used to make home furnishings such as drapes and bedspreads.

Another synthetic textile is acrylic which is soft and luxurious and also drapes well. It is not a heavy fabric but it gives warmth. It was originally used to make outdoor goods but now is common in clothing and carpet although pure acrylic can result in pilling. It can be dyed to bright colours. Acrylic is made from a petrochemical called acrylontrile.

Latex fabric derives from the latex fibre which comes from the milky or colourless sap of certain plants. It can be mixed with other fibres to make materials such as spandex. It is resistant to light and heat and is waterproof. Examples of latex products include gloves, soles and mattress pads.

Nylon is a polymide which is made from petroleum. It was discovered by a chemist named Du Pont. It is durable and lightweight. Nylon is quick drying and cleans easily because dirt does not cling. It can be static and does not absorb moisture so, if used it clothing, it can be clammy in the heat. Examples of nylon products include luggage, carpeting materials and hosiery because of its elastic recovery ability.



Share this article





Related Posts


Types of Textile printing PDF
Types of Textile printing PDF

Latest Posts
What is non woven fabric?
What is non woven…
Non-woven fabrics comprise a sheet of…
Printing on Linen
Printing on Linen
We specialize in high end hand silk screen…
Polyester Knit
Polyester Knit
Finished hats, yellow and teal made out…
Common uses of silk
Common uses of…
Like my work? Like me on Facebook at:…
Digital fabric printing London
Digital fabric…
This digital textile printing course…
Search
Featured posts
  • Types of Textile printing PDF
  • Different types of cotton shirts
  • Different types of Brocade Fabric
  • Softest fabric for clothing
  • Waterproof nylon
  • Nylon is Waterproof
  • Process of Garment manufacturing
  • Manufacturing of clothes
  • What are the characteristics of silk?
Copyright © 2018 l www.xinlongtex.com. All rights reserved.