Mechanical Stretch Square

Mechanical stretch fabric

I can think of two different ways to make textiles stretchy.

You can create mechanical stretch by using a knitting process, rather than a weaving process, to create the textile. Stretch is inherent in knitted fabrics because of the way the threads or yarns are linked. (Think about a sweater, a t-shirt, or a pair of yoga pants.) Many woven materials will have a tiny bit of stretch along the bias (think of it as the hypotenuse of the warp and woof / weft of the woven threads).

The other way to create stretch is to include some percentage of a yarn that has inherent stretch. Spandex and elastane are the generic words for these kinds of yarns. Lycra, by DuPont, is the most famous brand name. Spandex can be used in either knitted or woven fabric.

In a knitted fabric (like a t-shirt, sweater, bathing suit, etc.) spandex creates the great benefit of enabling the garment to return to its original shape after being stretched repeatedly. This is especially important in swimwear [1], hosiery, leotards, and other apparel items designed to fit very snugly, but it's extremely useful in just about any knitted garment. In a woven fabric, even 1%-3% spandex can allow a pair of jeans, a blazer, or a shirt to be cut more closely to the body while still remaining comfortable to wear, because the spandex enables it to "give" a little when the wearer moves or stretches, and reduces wrinkling. In recent years even the elite woolen suiting mills of Italy have discovered the benefits of adding a bit of Lycra to their woven woolens.

Share this article

Related Posts

Organic stretch fabric
Organic stretch fabric

Latest Posts
Spider silk weaving
Spider silk weaving
A rare textile made from the silk of…
Nylon cotton blend
Nylon cotton…
Cotton/nylon blends have been commonly…
Definition Knitted fabric
Definition Knitted…
Knitting is one of several ways to turn…
Viscose Yarns
Viscose Yarns
Superfine Australian merino wool, tencel…
Viscose is a man-made fiber created from…
Featured posts
  • Organic stretch fabric
  • Power Mesh stretch fabric
  • Dress Patterns for stretch fabric
  • Thread for Sewing stretch fabric
  • How to stretch fabric shoes?
  • Rayon fabric stretch
  • Stretch Fabric structures
  • Lace Stretch fabric
  • Jersey stretch fabric
Copyright © 2023 l All rights reserved.